The Nandhaur area is the sub-landscape flanked by River Gola in the west and River Sharda in the east and intersected by River Nandhaur which flows east to west in the northern area and then turn south to cut  the  landscape  into  two  before  disappearing  in  the  tarai  area.  Though  there  are  many  rivers  in  this landscape, but Nandhaur is the most significant among them and also is the only one which is perennial with  substantial  water.

It  also  has  large  swathes  of  undisturbed  forests  which  have  virtually  no habitation.  It is a critical  link  for the wildlife populations to move across the Tarai  Arc Landscape and therefore  makes Nandhaur landscape declared  as  a wildlife sanctuary.

The  majority  of Nandhaur landscape lies  in  Haldwani  Forest  Division,  whose  five  ranges  namely Chakata, Nandhaur, Jaulasal, Danda and Sharda cover about 600 sq. km. area. In the north-eastern side, the Dogadi range of Champawat Forest Division forms an important part of this landscape andis flanked by the forests of of Kilpura, South Jaulasal and Ransali ranges of Tarai East Forest Division.


The core of the Nandhaur WLS  lies  in parts  of all  ranges  of  Haldwani  Forest  Division and  Dogadi  range  of Champawat  Forest  Division.  The peripheral  areas  of  the  above  ranges  and  the  ranges  of  Tarai  East Forest Division in the southern boundary provide an extension to the usage of forests by the animals and are  very  important  for  maintaining  the  connectivity  of  the  forests  with  the  other  areas  to  the  east and west.

The Nandhaur WLS houses a very healthy population of Asian elephants, leopards and sloth bears. It is also home to tigers but the population is low with a great potential of rebound. The total area of the Nandhaur landscape  is  around  850  sq.  kms.  which  makes  the  area  practically  viable  for  sustaining  a thriving population of variety of mega-fauna.

In 14th December, 2012 it become the Nandhaur Wildlife Sanctuary. Due to expansion of Tiger in Corbett and its continuous movement towards Nandhaur WLS, Government is planning to declared it as 3rd Tiger Reserve of Uttarakhand state.  Presently it covers 269.95 square km area.

Biodiversity of Nandhaur Wildlife Sanctuary

The Nandhaur Wildlife Sanctuary is very rich area  in terms of biodiversity. The area  has  more than 100 species of  trees, 30  species  of  shrubs  and  20  species  of  climbers  and  grasses.  The  area  also  has  27 different forest types and sub-typeswhen classified according to the Champion and Seth forest classification. The area  is  predominately  Sal  forest  covering  about  70%  of  its  area.  Besides  this,  it  also  has  Shisham, Bamboo, Teak, Chir Pine a nd riverine  forest. Since the area  lie  in  bhabhar  belt,  it  is relatively dry  and the composition of  forest  is affected by that. However, the Nandhaur river valley  has water throughout the  year and the  best of the  forests in the  landscape are present along the river.

The area is also home to about 25 species of mammals, 250 species of birds, 15 species of reptiles and 20 species of fishes. The major charismatic species of the area are Tiger, Leopard, Elephant, Sloth Bear, Mahaseer and Great Pied Hornbill. There have been constant threats to the area in terms of usage pressure, illegal poaching which can be curtailed by declaring the area as a wildlife sanctuary.

In an effort to document the biodiversity of the area, camera trapping was done in various ranges and some important species captured using camera traps have been listed below.

Source: Management of Nandhaur WLS, Haldwani Forest Division