Wildlife, Flora, Fauna, Avi-fauna of Uttarakhand
The state has 6 National Parks and 7 Wildlife Sanctuaries which covers 13.8 percent of the total area of the state. The various Parks and Sanctuaries are locating at different altitudes varying from 800 mts to the high altitude Protected Areas at 5400 mts. Apart from these there are 3 Conservation Reserves– The Asan Barrage and Jhilmil Jheel conservation Reserves, two World Heritage sites of the Nanda Devi Biosphere reserve and Valley of Flowers National Park. The state can boast of the first national park of the Indian Sub-continent-the Corbett National Park, with its major attractions being tiger, elephant and leopard. It also supports a wide variety of birds sharing its boundary with the Rajaji National Park. The high altitude National Park includes the Nandadevi National Park and the Valley of Flowers National Park which are regarded as unique creation of nature. They have become popular with trekkers and mountaineers. Almost 300 species of wild flowers bloom here and attracts nature lovers, botanists, ecologists, zoologists, ornithologists and trekkers. Other National Parks and Sanctuaries include Binog Wildlifie Sanctuary near Mussoorie, Govind Pashu Vihar and National Park, Askot wildlife Sanctuary, Kedarnath Wildlife Sanctuary, Sonanadi Wildlife Sa nctuary, Binsar WLS near almora, Gangotri National Park.
Of the 1303 bird species recorded from India more than 50% (724 approximate) are found in Uttarakhand. The state’s bio-geography varies from the Terai region in the plains, the bhabhars (the outermost foothills of the Himalayas), the Lower Himalaya and finally, the high altitudinal Greater Himalayas. The amazing diversity in habitat from the plains up to the numerous mountain peaks that exceed altitudes of 6,000 meters results in marvelous avifaunal diversity.